Attachment Relational Theory (A.R.T.©): A.R.T.© is a, Compassion-Based, science-informed and evidenced-based integrated therapeutic theory drawing upon the research and clinical applications of contemporary Attachment Theory, Neuroscience, Epigenetics, Polyvagal Theory, Interpersonal Neurobiology, Positive Education-Psychology, Traumatology, Mindfulness-Based Therapies & Practices, Somatic-Based Therapies & Practices and Movement/Creative/ Theatrical-Based Therapies & Practices. These diverse and interconnected fields and disciplines have been developed by the following international experts; Drs Dan Siegel, Martin Seligman, Bessel van der Kolk, Stephen Porges, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Richard Davidson, Barbara Fredrickson, Charles Figley, Pat Ogden, Peter Levine, Sandra Bloom, Anna Baranowsky, Patricia Crittenden, Eric Gentry and Alan Schore.
A.R.T.© explores the notion that a primary role of the therapist, teacher, carer, helper, and or support worker, particularly when working with clients/consumers/students with complex trauma histories, is that of what is termed, a transitional secure attachment figure. Human beings require safety in order to learn, grow and reach their full potentials (Cozzillino, 2013). This safety is best formed in, and from, respectful, mutual, reciprocal and authentic relationships. Whether it is between caregiver and child, teacher and student, mentor and mentee, romantic partnership or friendship and peer-type relationships. When these types of conditions are present then some form of secure attachment process occurs that provides inherent safety for all parties within that relationship. Common characteristics of secure attachment relationships include; compassion, presence, attunment, resonance, authenticity and congruency.
A.R.T.© provides the theoretical, therapeutic and pedagogical underpinnings to our Compassion Based Model of Trauma Resolution. A.R.T.© also provides the theoretical and therapeutic underpinnings for our Attachment Relational Therapy©. A.R.T.© has been developed by the founders of the Workplace Wellbeing Institute, Robyn Simpson, M. Gestalt Therapy & Gary Simpson, BCouns through their extensive work as clinical and professional development trainers/teachers, consultants and psychotherapists through their continuing professional training with many of the above international experts (please read our About Us web-page for more details).
Our Compassion Based Model Of Trauma Resolution is underpinned by Attachment Relational Theory, which is a Compassion-Based, integrative, person-centred, person-informed, person-directed, strength-based, relational and trauma-informed therapeutic model of education, care and practice. The ART© Model of CB-TICP centres on the creation and maintenance of safety, structure and security within organisations, services, schools, childcare centres, agencies and Government Departmentsthat work with and supportstudents, children, young people, individuals and their families and communities who have experienced, and or, are exposed to trauma and violence. A.R.T.’s primary message is The Relationship is the Intervention. (For additional information please read our CB-TR web-page).
Attachment Relational Therapy (A.R.T.©): ART© is underpinned by Attachment Relational Theory and is an integrative, person-centred, person-informed & person-directed, strength-based, relational and humanistic-orientated mode of therapy, psychotherapy, counselling and intervention. A basic premise of ART© is that the person/client is the expert in their lives. Therefore, a fundamental role of the therapist/helper/carer is to honour, acknowledge and respect this expertise of the person/client at all times during intake/treatment/intervention/support.
Another fundamental premise of A.R.T.©is the role of the Therapeutic Relationship. The collaborative, non-judgemental and empathetic relationship between therapist/carer/helper and client/consumer, as the primary vehicle of effective and long-lasting therapeutic behaviour change and not necessarily the method or technique of therapy employed. Research over the past 30-40 years has clearly established that there are 4, what is termed, "Common Factors" accounting for successful therapeutic outcomes across all therapeutic modalities (Drisko, 2004; Norcross & Lambert, 2011). Of these 4 Common Factors two are directly reliant on the therapist. The therapeutic modalities employed during treatment and the Therapeutic Relationship (Ahn & Wampold, 2001; Duncan, 2001a, 2001b). Out of these 2 Common Factors it is the Therapeutic Relationship, which is very dependent on the therapist's characteristics of warmth, flexibility, acceptance & authenticity, which has the greatest bearing on whether the treatment/intervention will achieve long-term successful therapeutic outcomes (Lambert & Barley, 2001; Norcross & Wampold, 2011).
Based on the Common Factors research, and its clinical applications, and the integral role that the Therapeutic Relationship plays in achieving long-lasting therapeutic/behaviour change one of A.R.T.©'sprimary messages is; The Relationship is the Intervention. Drawing on this relational intervention concept the therapist/helper/carer begins to become what is termed a transitional secure attachment figure (Crittenden, Clausen & Kozlowska, 2007; Crittenden, Farnfield, Landini & Grey, 2013).